Dr. Wetzel is currently Professor of Othopaedic Surgery and Neurosurgery at Temple University School of Medicine. He holds and AB from Harvard and the MD from the University of Pennsylvania. His postgraduate training included an orthopaedic residency at Yale, a postdoctoral fellowship in research (biomechanics) with Dr. Manohar Panjabi also at Yale, and a spine fellowship under the direction of the late Dr. Henry LaRocca, in New Orleans. Dr Wetzel is a Fellow of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, and a member of numerous scholarly societies, including the AOA, CSRS, APS, APM and NASS. From the latter, in 2001, he received the Henry Farfan Award for outstanding contributions to the field of spine care, in the areas of conservative care and biomechanics. He is the author of over 100 peer-reviewed publications and numerous texts and chapters. His current research interests include discal biomechanics, the influence of activating factors on degeneration, ethics and Conflict of Interest in medical decision making, and evidence based assessment of diagnostic and therapeutic of spine care. Dr. Wetzel currently serves on the NASS Board of Directors as the Past President.